|There is a lack of information on the frequency of pneumonia in different European countries.|
Precise incidence data exist only for Finland (10.8 per 1,000 adults per year), Spain (1.6 to 2.6 per 1,000 adults per year) and the UK (4.7 per 1,000 adults per year).
Pneumonia is usually more common in men than women, and this difference increases with age.
Patients with severe pneumonia should receive intensive care and may require assisted ventilation.
Recovery from pneumonia is slow. Between 19–31% of patients with CAP are either not back at work or not back to normal health by 6–8 weeks and this figure rises to 55% in the elderly.
In adults, mortality increases with age, with most deaths occurring in the elderly.
The total number of deaths per country varies hugely, suggesting that under recording of pneumonia cases may be common.