Bronchial asthma or just colloquial asthma is a chronic inflammation of the airways. Coughing attacks, shortness of breath, and excessive stimulation of the lungs or bronchi with natural stimulants are typical of asthma.
What is bronchial asthma?
Comparison of healthy bronchial tube and bronchial obstruction. Click to enlarge.
The term bronchial asthma is a chronic disease of the respiratory tract. The bronchial mucosa is particularly sensitive to various stimuli and swells in the process. The lungs also produce thick mucus. The airways are narrowed, the muscles of the smaller airways narrow like cramps.
Bronchial asthma is therefore characterized by recurrent attacks of shortness of breath, cough and shortness of breath. Bronchial asthma can be considered one of the most common chronic diseases. It occurs in all age groups. In childhood, especially boys develop the disease.
The exact causes of bronchial asthma are not yet known. It is assumed that genetic factors as well as environmental influences may be the cause. Allergic complaints also play a role. They are risk factors for the development of bronchial asthma. One example of this is hay fever in particular.
Different stimuli can trigger an asthma attack. Physical exertion, cold, perfume or air pollution, allergens such as pollen, dust and animal hair, as well as airway inflammation, can all cause an acute attack. In bronchial asthma, there is a difference between allergic and non-allergic asthma.
In allergic asthma, attempts are made to identify triggers in order to avoid contact with them. This is done using blood samples and skin tests. In non-allergic asthma, e.g. Respiratory infections or drug intolerance lead to seizures. The use of room sprays or cleansers can also greatly increase the development of bronchial asthma.