All of our factsheets have been reviewed by members of the European Respiratory Society (ERS) who are experts in the field. These are freely available to download in a range of European languages.
This factsheet was written with help of ERS pulmonary arterial hypertension expert Prof. Marc Humbert. All material was read and reviewed by the ELF Advisory Board.
Background information was taken from the following scientific papers:
Simonneau G, Galiè N, Rubin L, et al. Clinical classification of pulmonary hypertension. Journal of the American College of Cardiology, Volume 43, Issue 12, Pages S5-S12.
Humbert M, Sitbon O, Simonneau G. Treatment of pulmonary arterial hypertension. New England Journal of Medicine, Volume 351, Pages 1425-1436.
Humbert M, Sitbon O, Chaouat A, et al. Pulmonary arterial hypertension in France. American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine Volume 173, Pages 1023-1030.
European Association for Pulmonary Hyptertension (PHA Europe): a site with access to all PH organisations across Europe.
Pulmonary Hypertension Association USA (PHA Association).
ORPHANET: a site about all rare lung diseases, of which PH and PAH are included.
Pulmonary Hypertension Association UK (PHA UK).