The lungs are complex paired organs of spongy consistency that are part of the respiratory system and are located in the rib cage. The lungs play a key role in respiration – by absorbing and transporting inspired oxygen to the circulatory system, and then absorbing carbon dioxide from the blood to the outside. In addition, according to recent studies, the lungs also play a role in the production of platelets.
During childhood, the lungs are white-pink, but as they age they take on a darker shade due to pollutants in the air they breathe. In addition, other substances present in the environment, such as bacteria, viruses, or allergens, such as pollen, but also certain harmful habits of which smoking is the most dangerous, are a challenge for the well-being of the lungs. .
Therefore, it is recommended to follow some tips to maintain the health of these vital organs for breathing.
1 Be prepared to make changes
Most of the time, the human body relies on its natural defense mechanism to protect organs, including the lungs, against external pathogens and other harmful factors. In addition, certain lifestyle changes, small but with significant effects, including adopting a regular exercise program and eating a healthy diet, can have many benefits.
2 Avoid cigarette smoke
Smoking, whether active or passive, causes chaos in the complex structure of the lungs and causes not only lung cancer but also obstructive lung diseases such as chronic bronchitis and emphysema.
3 Watch out for pollution
Avoid indoors or outdoors where the air quality leaves a lot to be desired. Pollutants such as motor vehicle pollutants and chemicals used in the home or workplace can seriously harm lung health.
4 Surround yourself with plants
Potted plants purify the air by absorbing carbon dioxide and certain toxins inside and regulating humidity levels. Therefore, they are welcome in large numbers, both at home and in the office.
5 Protect yourself at work
In the case of people exposed to pollution or pathogens in the workplace – construction, mining, painters, hairdressers, medical facilities and others – it is necessary to adopt special protective measures to protect the respiratory system .
6 ward off infections
Even the most common viruses that cause colds or the flu can become very dangerous for parts of the population with weakened immune systems. Therefore, it is essential to avoid as much as possible overcrowded enclosures and contact with sick people. In addition, it is recommended to wash your hands frequently with soap and water, disinfect frequently used items and observe oral hygiene.
7 Do aerobic exercise
At least 30 minutes of aerobic exercise per day, such as brisk walking, cycling, running, climbing stairs, or exercising, will dramatically improve your lung health.
8 Pay attention to diet
A diet low in fats of animal origin, based on fresh fruits and vegetables, but also consuming a sufficient amount of water each day contributes to the maintenance of the health of the respiratory system and the lungs.
9 Don’t ignore warning signs
Cough, shortness of breath or shortness of breath, apnea, chest pain, blood in the phlegm, or other lung problems should be evaluated by a doctor.
10 Eliminate stress
Stress and fatigue weaken the immune system and predispose the body’s organs, including the lungs, to disease. Therefore, take the time to rest, relax and get enough sleep. Pleasant activities with friends and family, reading, participating in cultural activities, gardening, dancing, yoga, meditation and breathing exercises are particularly helpful in this regard.